GapMind for Amino acid biosynthesis

 

L-histidine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas simiae WCS417

Best path

prs, hisG, hisI, hisE, hisA, hisF, hisH, hisB, hisC, hisN, hisD

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Histidine biosynthesis in GapMind is based on the MetaCyc pathway (link).

11 steps (11 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
prs ribose-phosphate diphosphokinase PS417_03575
hisG ATP phosphoribosyltransferase PS417_04415
hisI phosphoribosyl-ATP pyrophosphatase PS417_01850 PS417_04420
hisE phosphoribosyl-AMP cyclohydrolase PS417_01855 PS417_28325
hisA isomerase HisA PS417_01575 PS417_01580
hisF IGP synthase, cyclase subunit PS417_01580 PS417_01575
hisH IGP synthase, amidotransferase subunit PS417_01565
hisB IGP dehydratase PS417_01560
hisC histidinol-phosphate aminotransferase PS417_04425 PS417_08130
hisN histidinol-phosphate phosphatase PS417_26995 PS417_09335
hisD histidinol dehydrogenase PS417_04420

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
? – known gap: despite the lack of a good candidate for this step, this organism (or a related organism) performs the pathway

This GapMind analysis is from Aug 03 2021. The underlying query database was built on Aug 03 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code, or see changes to Amino acid biosynthesis since the publication.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory