GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

Finding step malK for trehalose catabolism in Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL-12

4 candidates for malK: trehalose ABC transporter, ATPase component MalK

Score Gene Description Similar to Id. Cov. Bits Other hit Other id. Other bits
med Dshi_3141 ABC transporter related (RefSeq) MalK, component of Maltose/Maltotriose/maltodextrin (up to 7 glucose units) transporters MalXFGK (MsmK (3.A.1.1.28) can probably substitute for MalK; Webb et al., 2008) (characterized) 47% 100% 322 MalK aka PF1933, component of Maltooligosaccharide porter (Maltose is not a substrate, but maltotriose is.) 51% 354.0
med Dshi_1416 ABC transporter related (RefSeq) MsmK aka SMU.882, component of The raffinose/stachyose transporter, MsmEFGK (MalK (3.A.1.1.27) can probably substitute for MsmK; Webb et al., 2008). This system may also transport melibiose, isomaltotriose and sucrose as well as isomaltosaccharides (characterized) 49% 99% 317 MalK aka PF1933, component of Maltooligosaccharide porter (Maltose is not a substrate, but maltotriose is.) 53% 352.8
med Dshi_0546 ABC transporter related (RefSeq) MsmK aka SMU.882, component of The raffinose/stachyose transporter, MsmEFGK (MalK (3.A.1.1.27) can probably substitute for MsmK; Webb et al., 2008). This system may also transport melibiose, isomaltotriose and sucrose as well as isomaltosaccharides (characterized) 48% 100% 308.1 ABC transporter for Xylitol, ATPase component 100% 666.8
med Dshi_1250 ABC transporter related (RefSeq) MalK, component of Maltose/Maltotriose/maltodextrin (up to 7 glucose units) transporters MalXFGK (MsmK (3.A.1.1.28) can probably substitute for MalK; Webb et al., 2008) (characterized) 48% 100% 305.1 LacK, component of Lactose porter 58% 378.6

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

GapMind searches the predicted proteins for candidates by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) to find similarities to characterized proteins or by using HMMer to find similarities to enzyme models (usually from TIGRFams). For alignments to characterized proteins (from ublast), scores of 44 bits correspond to an expectation value (E) of about 0.001.

Also see fitness data for the candidates

Definition of step malK

Or cluster all characterized malK proteins

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory