GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

Finding step kgtP for 2-oxoglutarate (alpha-ketoglutarate) catabolism in Dyella japonica UNC79MFTsu3.2

3 candidates for kgtP: 2-oxoglutarate:H+ symporter KgtP

Score Gene Description Similar to Id. Cov. Bits Other hit Other id. Other bits
hi N515DRAFT_0011 MFS transporter, MHS family, alpha-ketoglutarate permease Alpha-ketoglutarate permease, MFS superfamily (characterized) 70% 100% 622.9 TphA aka ProP, component of The Icm/Dot or Dot/Icm multicomponent protein secretion system. IcmS and IcmW form a complex that interacts with and may translocate substrate proteins (Ninio et al., 2005; De Buck et al., 2007; Cambronne and Roy, 2007). The crystal structure of the IcmR-IcmQ complex has been solved (Raychaudhury et al., 2009). Legionella pneumophila survives and replicates inside host cells by secreting ~300 effectors through the defective in organelle trafficking (Dot)/intracellular multiplication (Icm) type IVB secretion system (T4BSS). Ghosal et al. 2019, using electron cryotomography mapped the location of the core and accessory components of the Legionella core transmembrane subcomplex, revealing a well-ordered central channel that opens into a large, windowed secretion chamber with an unusual 13-fold symmetry. Immunofluorescence microscopy deciphered an early-stage assembly process that begins with the targeting of Dot/Icm components to the bacterial poles. Polar targeting of this T4BSS is mediated by two Dot/Icm proteins, DotU and IcmF, that are homologues of the T6SS membrane complex components TssL and TssM, suggesting that the Dot/Icm T4BSS is a hybrid system. Thus, the Dot/Icm complex assembles in an 'axial-to-peripheral' pattern 33% 230.3
lo N515DRAFT_3073 Arabinose efflux permease Alpha-ketoglutarate permease of the major facilitator superfamily protein (characterized, see rationale) 35% 75% 214.5 Acetate/haloacid transporter, Dehp2, with a possible atypical topology 69% 778.9
lo N515DRAFT_0974 MFS transporter, MHS family, proline/betaine transporter alpha-ketoglutarate permease (MHS family) (characterized) 31% 91% 199.9 Glycine betaine/proline/ectoine/pipecolic acid transporter OusA; Osmoprotectant uptake system A 32% 210.3

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

GapMind searches the predicted proteins for candidates by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) to find similarities to characterized proteins or by using HMMer to find similarities to enzyme models (usually from TIGRFams). For alignments to characterized proteins (from ublast), scores of 44 bits correspond to an expectation value (E) of about 0.001.

Also see fitness data for the candidates

Definition of step kgtP

Or cluster all characterized kgtP proteins

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

Links

Downloads

Related tools

About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory