GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

lactose catabolism in Dyella japonica UNC79MFTsu3.2

Best path

lacP, lacZ, galdh, galactonolactonase, dgoD, dgoK, dgoA, glk

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Lactose utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway lactose degradation II via 3'-ketolactose (link), pathway III via beta-galactosidase (link), or uptake by a PTS system followed by hydrolysis of lactose 6'-phosphate. (There is no pathway I.)

74 steps (36 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
lacP lactose permease LacP
lacZ lactase (homomeric) N515DRAFT_3226 N515DRAFT_0922
galdh D-galactose 1-dehydrogenase (forming 1,4- or 1,5-lactones) N515DRAFT_1230 N515DRAFT_1253
galactonolactonase galactonolactonase (either 1,4- or 1,5-lactone) N515DRAFT_1229
dgoD D-galactonate dehydratase N515DRAFT_1231 N515DRAFT_2409
dgoK 2-dehydro-3-deoxygalactonokinase N515DRAFT_1233
dgoA 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-6-phosphogalactonate aldolase N515DRAFT_1232 N515DRAFT_3178
glk glucokinase N515DRAFT_4210 N515DRAFT_0393
Alternative steps:
aglE' glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (AglE)
aglF' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AglF) N515DRAFT_3134
aglG' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AglG) N515DRAFT_3133
aglK' glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (AglK) N515DRAFT_4212 N515DRAFT_1562
bglF glucose PTS, enzyme II (BCA components, BglF)
crr glucose PTS, enzyme IIA
eda 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate 6-phosphate aldolase N515DRAFT_3178 N515DRAFT_1232
edd phosphogluconate dehydratase N515DRAFT_3177
gadh1 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase flavoprotein subunit
gadh2 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase cytochrome c subunit N515DRAFT_0703 N515DRAFT_2297
gadh3 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase subunit 3
galE UDP-glucose 4-epimerase N515DRAFT_1702 N515DRAFT_4303
galK galactokinase (-1-phosphate forming)
galT UDP-glucose:alpha-D-galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase
gatY D-tagatose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase, catalytic subunit (GatY/KbaY)
gatZ D-tagatose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase, chaperone subunit (GatZ/KbaZ)
gdh quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase N515DRAFT_0461
glcS glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GlcS)
glcT glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GlcT)
glcU glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GlcU)
glcU' Glucose uptake protein GlcU
glcV glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GclV) N515DRAFT_4212 N515DRAFT_1562
gnl gluconolactonase N515DRAFT_1229
gtsA glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GtsA)
gtsB glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GtsB)
gtsC glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GtsC) N515DRAFT_3133
gtsD glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GtsD) N515DRAFT_4212 N515DRAFT_1562
kguD 2-keto-6-phosphogluconate reductase N515DRAFT_0108 N515DRAFT_3581
kguK 2-ketogluconokinase N515DRAFT_0916
kguT 2-ketogluconate transporter N515DRAFT_2085
klh periplasmic 3'-ketolactose hydrolase
lacA galactose-6-phosphate isomerase, lacA subunit
lacA' periplasmic lactose 3-dehydrogenase, LacA subunit N515DRAFT_1321
lacB galactose-6-phosphate isomerase, lacB subunit
lacB' periplasmic lactose 3-dehydrogenase, cytochrome c component (LacB) N515DRAFT_2551
lacC D-tagatose-6-phosphate kinase N515DRAFT_0917
lacC' periplasmic lactose 3-dehydrogenase, LacC subunit N515DRAFT_1320
lacD D-tagatose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase (monomeric)
lacE lactose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component
lacF lactose ABC transporter, permease component 1 N515DRAFT_3134
lacG lactose ABC transporter, permease component 2 N515DRAFT_3133
lacIIA lactose PTS system, EIIA component
lacIIB lactose PTS system, EIIB component
lacIIC lactose PTS system, EIIC component
lacIICB lactose PTS system, fused EIIC and EIIB components
lacK lactose ABC transporter, ATPase component N515DRAFT_4212 N515DRAFT_1562
lacL heteromeric lactase, large subunit
lacM heteromeric lactase, small subunit
lacS lactose permease LacS
lacY lactose:proton symporter LacY
manX glucose PTS, enzyme EIIAB
manY glucose PTS, enzyme EIIC
manZ glucose PTS, enzyme EIID
MFS-glucose glucose transporter, MFS superfamily N515DRAFT_1228 N515DRAFT_0382
mglA glucose ABC transporter, ATP-binding component (MglA) N515DRAFT_3232 N515DRAFT_2413
mglB glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component N515DRAFT_3231
mglC glucose ABC transporter, permease component (MglC) N515DRAFT_3233 N515DRAFT_2415
PAST-A proton-associated sugar transporter A
pbgal phospho-beta-galactosidase N515DRAFT_4211
pgmA alpha-phosphoglucomutase N515DRAFT_2990 N515DRAFT_1372
ptsG glucose PTS, enzyme IICB
ptsG-crr glucose PTS, enzyme II (CBA components, PtsG)
SemiSWEET Sugar transporter SemiSWEET
SSS-glucose Sodium/glucose cotransporter
SWEET1 bidirectional sugar transporter SWEET1
tpi triose-phosphate isomerase N515DRAFT_1376 N515DRAFT_4291

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory