GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

sucrose catabolism in Shewanella loihica PV-4

Best path

ams, MFS-glucose, glk

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Sucrose utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathways sucrose degradation I via sucrose 6-phosphate hydrolase (link), pathway II via sucrose synthase (link), pathway III via invertase (link), and pathway IV via sucrose phosphorylase (link). Pathway V is similar to pathway III and is not reported in prokaryotes, so it is not included. There is no pathway VI. Pathway VII (via sucrose 3-dehydrogenase, link) is too poorly understood to include in GapMind.

101 steps (26 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
ams sucrose hydrolase (invertase) Shew_1889
MFS-glucose glucose transporter, MFS superfamily Shew_1890 Shew_1119
glk glucokinase Shew_1428
Alternative steps:
1pfk 1-phosphofructokinase
aglE sucrose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component AglK
aglE' glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (AglE)
aglF sucrose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AglF)
aglF' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AglF)
aglG sucrose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AglG)
aglG' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AglG)
aglK sucrose ABC transporter, ATPase component AglK Shew_0974 Shew_0863
aglK' glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (AglK) Shew_0974 Shew_0863
araS fructose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component AraS
araT fructose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AraT)
araU fructose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AraU)
araV fructose ABC transporter, ATPase component AraV Shew_0974 Shew_0863
bglF glucose PTS, enzyme II (BCA components, BglF)
BT1758 fructose transporter
crr glucose PTS, enzyme IIA Shew_1864
cscB sucrose:H+ symporter CscB
eda 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate 6-phosphate aldolase Shew_2045
edd phosphogluconate dehydratase Shew_2046 Shew_0292
fba fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase Shew_0755
ffz fructose facilitator (uniporter)
frcA fructose ABC transporter, ATPase component FrcA Shew_3402 Shew_0863
frcB fructose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component FrcB
frcC fructose ABC transporter, permease component FrcC
frt1 fructose:H+ symporter Frt1
fruA fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-B'BC components
fruB fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), Hpr and EII-A components
fruD fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-A component
fruE fructose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component FruE
fruF fructose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (FruF)
fruG fructose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (FruG)
fruI fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EI, Hpr, and EII-A components Shew_1039 Shew_1865
fruII-A fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-A component Shew_3313
fruII-ABC fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-ABC components
fruII-B fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-B component
fruII-C fructose-specific PTS system (fructose 1-phosphate forming), EII-C component
fruK fructose ABC transporter, ATPase component FruK
fruP fructose porter FruP Shew_1890 Shew_1119
gadh1 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase flavoprotein subunit
gadh2 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase cytochrome c subunit
gadh3 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase subunit 3
galU glucose 1-phosphate uridylyltransferase Shew_1418 Shew_1434
gdh quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase
ght6 high-affinity fructose transporter ght6
glcP fructose:H+ symporter GlcP
glcS glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GlcS)
glcT glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GlcT)
glcU glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GlcU)
glcU' Glucose uptake protein GlcU
glcV glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GclV) Shew_0974 Shew_0863
gnl gluconolactonase
gtsA glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GtsA)
gtsB glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GtsB)
gtsC glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GtsC)
gtsD glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GtsD) Shew_0974 Shew_0863
kguD 2-keto-6-phosphogluconate reductase Shew_3196 Shew_2309
kguK 2-ketogluconokinase
kguT 2-ketogluconate transporter
levD fructose PTS system (fructose 6-phosphate forming), EII-A component
levDE fructose PTS system (fructose 6-phosphate forming), EII-AB component
levE fructose PTS system (fructose 6-phosphate forming), EII-B component
levF fructose PTS system (fructose 6-phosphate forming), EII-C component
levG fructose PTS system (fructose 6-phosphate forming), EII-D component
manX glucose PTS, enzyme EIIAB
manY glucose PTS, enzyme EIIC
manZ glucose PTS, enzyme EIID
mglA glucose ABC transporter, ATP-binding component (MglA) Shew_0974 Shew_3087
mglB glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component
mglC glucose ABC transporter, permease component (MglC)
PAST-A proton-associated sugar transporter A
pgmA alpha-phosphoglucomutase Shew_1922 Shew_2544
ptsG glucose PTS, enzyme IICB Shew_2641
ptsG-crr glucose PTS, enzyme II (CBA components, PtsG) Shew_2641
ptsS sucrose phosphotransferase enzyme EII-BCA
sacP sucrose phosphotransferase enzyme EII-BC
scrB sucrose-6-phosphate hydrolase
scrK fructokinase Shew_1428
scrP sucrose phosphorylase
scrT sucrose permease ScrT
SemiSWEET Sugar transporter SemiSWEET
Slc2a5 fructose:H+ symporter
SLC45A2 sucrose transporter
SLC45A3 sucrose:H+ symporter
SLC45A4 sucrose:H+ symporter
SSS-glucose Sodium/glucose cotransporter Shew_2286 Shew_3270
STP6 sugar transport protein 6
SUS sucrose synthase
sut sucrose:proton symporter SUT/SUC
sut1 alpha-glucoside permease Sut1
SWEET1 bidirectional sugar transporter SWEET1
THT2A fructose THT2A
thuE sucrose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component ThuE
thuF sucrose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (ThuF)
thuG sucrose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (ThuG)
thuK sucrose ABC transporter, ATPase component ThuK Shew_0974 Shew_0863
TMT1 heteromeric sucrose:H+ symporter, TMT1 component
TMT2 heteromeric sucrose:H+ symporter, TMT2 component
tpi triose-phosphate isomerase Shew_2831 Shew_0754

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory