GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

D-cellobiose catabolism in Pedobacter sp. GW460-11-11-14-LB5

Best path

bgl, SSS-glucose, glk

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: MetaCyc does not list any pathways for cellobiose utilization, but the major catabolic enzymes are believed to be intracellular cellobiase, periplasmic cellobiase, cellobiose-6-phosphate hydrolase, or cellobiose phosphorylase (PMID:28535986). These pathways all lead to glucose-6-phosphate, which is a central metabolic intermediate. There also may be a 3-ketoglucoside pathway in some Bacteroidetes, but this is not characterized.

73 steps (20 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
bgl cellobiase CA265_RS07180 CA265_RS15320
SSS-glucose Sodium/glucose cotransporter CA265_RS06755 CA265_RS19720
glk glucokinase CA265_RS15640 CA265_RS11300
Alternative steps:
aglE' glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (AglE)
aglF' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AglF)
aglG' glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AglG)
aglK' glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (AglK) CA265_RS04345 CA265_RS15880
ascB 6-phosphocellobiose hydrolase CA265_RS16425
bglF glucose PTS, enzyme II (BCA components, BglF)
bglG cellobiose PTS system, EII-BC or EII-BCA components
bglT cellobiose transporter BglT
cbp cellobiose phosphorylase
cbpB cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component CpbB
cbpC cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component CbpC
cbtA cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component CbtA
cbtB cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (CbtB)
cbtC cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (CbtC)
cbtD cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 (CbtD) CA265_RS10520 CA265_RS16020
cbtF cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 (CbtF) CA265_RS10520 CA265_RS04200
cdt cellobiose transporter cdt-1/cdt-2
cebE cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component CebE
cebF cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (CebF)
cebG cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (CebG)
celEIIA cellobiose PTS system, EII-A component
celEIIB cellobiose PTS system, EII-B component
celEIIC cellobiose PTS system, EII-C component
crr glucose PTS, enzyme IIA
eda 2-keto-3-deoxygluconate 6-phosphate aldolase CA265_RS19860 CA265_RS02050
edd phosphogluconate dehydratase
gadh1 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase flavoprotein subunit
gadh2 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase cytochrome c subunit
gadh3 gluconate 2-dehydrogenase subunit 3
gdh quinoprotein glucose dehydrogenase CA265_RS06300 CA265_RS03100
glcS glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GlcS)
glcT glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GlcT)
glcU glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GlcU)
glcU' Glucose uptake protein GlcU
glcV glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GclV) CA265_RS15880 CA265_RS04175
gnl gluconolactonase CA265_RS25055 CA265_RS13655
gtsA glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (GtsA)
gtsB glucose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (GtsB)
gtsC glucose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (GtsC)
gtsD glucose ABC transporter, ATPase component (GtsD) CA265_RS04200 CA265_RS15880
kguD 2-keto-6-phosphogluconate reductase CA265_RS17230 CA265_RS12240
kguK 2-ketogluconokinase
kguT 2-ketogluconate transporter
manX glucose PTS, enzyme EIIAB
manY glucose PTS, enzyme EIIC
manZ glucose PTS, enzyme EIID
MFS-glucose glucose transporter, MFS superfamily CA265_RS04675 CA265_RS08575
mglA glucose ABC transporter, ATP-binding component (MglA)
mglB glucose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component
mglC glucose ABC transporter, permease component (MglC)
msdB1 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (MsdB1)
msdB2 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (MsdB2)
msdC1 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (MsdC1)
msdC2 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (MsdC2)
msiK cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component CA265_RS15880 CA265_RS07485
PAST-A proton-associated sugar transporter A
pgmA alpha-phosphoglucomutase CA265_RS09660 CA265_RS13185
ptsG glucose PTS, enzyme IICB
ptsG-crr glucose PTS, enzyme II (CBA components, PtsG)
SemiSWEET Sugar transporter SemiSWEET
SMc04256 cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component CA265_RS15880 CA265_RS07485
SMc04257 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1
SMc04258 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 2
SMc04259 cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding protein
SWEET1 bidirectional sugar transporter SWEET1
TM0027 cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 CA265_RS10520 CA265_RS15880
TM0028 cellobiose ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 CA265_RS10520 CA265_RS02090
TM0029 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 2 CA265_RS18010
TM0030 cellobiose ABC transporter, permease component 1
TM0031 cellobiose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

Links

Downloads

Related tools

About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory