GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

putrescine catabolism in Pedobacter sp. GW460-11-11-14-LB5

Best path

puuP, patA, patD, gabT, gabD

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Putrescine degradation in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathways putrescine degradation I via putrescine aminotransferase (link), pathway II with glutamylated intermediates (link), pathway IV via putrescine oxidase (link), or pathway V via putrescine:pyruvate aminotransferase (link). Pathway III is not reported in prokaryotes, so it is not included in GapMind.

18 steps (8 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
puuP putrescine:H+ symporter PuuP/PlaP
patA putrescine aminotransferase (PatA/SpuC) CA265_RS15205 CA265_RS18530
patD gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase CA265_RS14635 CA265_RS24850
gabT gamma-aminobutyrate transaminase CA265_RS14455 CA265_RS18530
gabD succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase CA265_RS24850 CA265_RS01080
Alternative steps:
POT1 putrescine:H+ symporter POT1
potA putrescine ABC transporter, ATPase component (PotA/PotG) CA265_RS15880 CA265_RS10520
potB putrescine ABC transporter, permease component 1 (PotB/PotH)
potC putrescine ABC transporter, permease component 2 (PotC/PotI)
potD putrescine ABC transporter, substrate-binding component (PotD/PotF)
potE putrescine:H+ symporter PotE
puo putrescine oxidase
puuA glutamate-putrescine ligase CA265_RS24865
puuB gamma-glutamylputrescine oxidase
puuC gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde dehydrogenase CA265_RS14635 CA265_RS24850
puuD gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyrate hydrolase CA265_RS24855
TPO1 putrescine transporter TPO1
UGA4 putrescine transporter UGA4

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory