GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

4-hydroxybenzoate catabolism in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942

Best path

pcaK, pobA, praA, xylF, mhpD, mhpE, adh, acs

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: 4-hydroxybenzoate catabolism in GapMind is based on aerobic oxidation to 3,4-hydroxybenzoate (protocatechuate), followed by meta, ortho, or para cleavage; or reduction to benzoyl-CoA (part of a MetaCyc pathway for phenol degradation, link)

72 steps (18 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
pcaK 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter pcaK
pobA 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase Synpcc7942_1367
praA protocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase
xylF 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase
mhpD 2-hydroxypentadienoate hydratase
mhpE 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase
adh acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (not acylating) Synpcc7942_0489
acs acetyl-CoA synthetase, AMP-forming Synpcc7942_1352
Alternative steps:
ackA acetate kinase Synpcc7942_2079 Synpcc7942_0588
ald-dh-CoA acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, acylating
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
badH 2-hydroxy-cyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_1596 Synpcc7942_1573
badI 2-ketocyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA hydrolase Synpcc7942_0597
badK cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
bamB class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamB subunit
bamC class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamC subunit
bamD class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamD subunit
bamE class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamE subunit
bamF class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamF subunit
bamG class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamG subunit Synpcc7942_0278
bamH class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamH subunit Synpcc7942_0279
bamI class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamI subunit Synpcc7942_2557
bcrA ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit
bcrB ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
bcrC ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit
bcrD ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, delta subunit
boxA benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit A Synpcc7942_0978
boxB benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit B
boxC 2,3-epoxybenzoyl-CoA dihydrolase
boxD 3,4-dehydroadipyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
catI 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit A (CatI)
catJ 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit B (CatJ)
Ch1CoA cyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
dch cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase Synpcc7942_0597
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0684
fcbT1 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, substrate-binding component FcbT1
fcbT2 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, small DctQ-like component FcbT2
fcbT3 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, large permease subunit FcbT3
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase
had 6-hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
hcl 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA ligase
hcrA 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit
hcrB 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
hcrC 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit
ligA protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, alpha subunit
ligB protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, beta subunit
ligC 2-hydroxy-4-carboxymuconate-6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase
ligI 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate hydrolase
ligJ 4-carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate hydratase
ligK 4-oxalocitramalate aldolase
ligU 4-oxalomesaconate tautomerase
oah 6-oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
paaF 2,3-dehydroadipyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
paaH 3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0684
paaJ2 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase
pcaB 3-carboxymuconate cycloisomerase Synpcc7942_0315
pcaC 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase
pcaD 3-oxoadipate enol-lactone hydrolase
pcaF succinyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-succinyltransferase
pcaG protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, beta subunit
pcaH protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, alpha subunit
pcaI 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit A (PcaI)
pcaJ 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit B (PcaJ)
pimB 3-oxopimeloyl-CoA:CoA acetyltransferase
pimC pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, small subunit
pimD pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, large subunit
pimF 6-carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA hydratase
praB 2-hydroxymuconate 6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0489
praC 2-hydroxymuconate tautomerase
praD 2-oxohex-3-enedioate decarboxylase
pta phosphate acetyltransferase

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory