GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources


Alignments for a candidate for adiA in Azospirillum brasilense Sp245

Align Arginine decarboxylase proenzyme; ADC; ArgDC; EC; Pyruvoyl-dependent arginine decarboxylase (uncharacterized)
to candidate AZOBR_RS02015 AZOBR_RS02015 S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase

Query= curated2:A2BM05
         (142 letters)

          Length = 169

 Score = 73.6 bits (179), Expect = 1e-18
 Identities = 39/105 (37%), Positives = 64/105 (60%), Gaps = 4/105 (3%)

           G +  G H+  +L+G   E+L + + ++  ++E+  VA   L+ I    FT  +GG+S +

           A++ ESHISIHTWP+ GYA +D++ CG ++ P KA   +    KP

Lambda     K      H
   0.318    0.137    0.426 

Lambda     K      H
   0.267   0.0410    0.140 

Matrix: BLOSUM62
Gap Penalties: Existence: 11, Extension: 1
Number of Sequences: 1
Number of Hits to DB: 71
Number of extensions: 3
Number of successful extensions: 1
Number of sequences better than 1.0e-02: 1
Number of HSP's gapped: 1
Number of HSP's successfully gapped: 1
Length of query: 142
Length of database: 169
Length adjustment: 17
Effective length of query: 125
Effective length of database: 152
Effective search space:    19000
Effective search space used:    19000
Neighboring words threshold: 11
Window for multiple hits: 40
X1: 16 ( 7.3 bits)
X2: 38 (14.6 bits)
X3: 64 (24.7 bits)
S1: 41 (21.7 bits)
S2: 43 (21.2 bits)

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.



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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory