GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

Aligments for a candidate for PPDCalpha in Azospirillum brasilense Sp245

Align phenylpyruvate decarboxylase (EC 4.1.1.43) (characterized)
to candidate AZOBR_RS25395 AZOBR_RS25395 acetoin dehydrogenase

Query= BRENDA::A0A222AKA3
         (368 letters)



>lcl|FitnessBrowser__azobra:AZOBR_RS25395 AZOBR_RS25395 acetoin
           dehydrogenase
          Length = 316

 Score =  108 bits (270), Expect = 2e-28
 Identities = 91/297 (30%), Positives = 127/297 (42%), Gaps = 12/297 (4%)

Query: 45  MYRAMVVGRAFNRQATAFSRQGRLAVYPS-SRGQEACQVGSALAVRPTDWLFPTYRESVA 103
           +Y  M   R F   A    + G++A Y   S GQEA        +R  D L  T+R    
Sbjct: 3   LYATMQRIRVFETLADEAHKAGQVAGYIHLSIGQEAIAAAVGANLRADDVLTSTHRGHGH 62

Query: 104 LLTRGIDPVQVLTLF--RGDQHCGYDPVTEHTAP-QCTPLATQCLHAAGL------ADAA 154
            + +G DP+ +      R    CG    + H A      L    + AAGL      A A 
Sbjct: 63  TIAKGADPLAMFRELCGRAGGTCGGKGGSMHIADFSVGMLGANGVVAAGLPIAVGAAHAI 122

Query: 155 RMAGDPIVALAYIGDGATSEGDFHEALNYAAVRRAPVVFLVQNNQYAISVPLAKQTAART 214
            + G+  +A+ + GDGAT+ G F EALN+AA  R PV+F+ ++N Y  +      +A   
Sbjct: 123 ALKGEDRIAVCFFGDGATNRGPFLEALNWAAAFRLPVLFVCEDNGYGATTRTGSVSAGGG 182

Query: 215 LADKAAGYGMPGVRIDGNDVLQVYRAVHDAAERARAGHGPTLIEAVTYRIDAHTNADDDT 274
              +A   G+P   +DGND+  V  A        R G GP  + A TYR   HT++D  T
Sbjct: 183 PGVRAESLGIPVTVVDGNDLAAVDAAAAALVRAVRDGGGPQFLHARTYRFRGHTSSDPAT 242

Query: 275 RYRPAGEADV-WAAQDPVDRLERDLLAAGVLDRAAADGIAAAADAFAGELSARFSAP 330
            YR A E     A  DP+ R    L   GV   A         +  A  L+    +P
Sbjct: 243 -YRDAAEVRAQLAGNDPLQRAAATLAELGVTPDALERVERHERETLAAALATALDSP 298


Lambda     K      H
   0.319    0.132    0.395 

Gapped
Lambda     K      H
   0.267   0.0410    0.140 


Matrix: BLOSUM62
Gap Penalties: Existence: 11, Extension: 1
Number of Sequences: 1
Number of Hits to DB: 274
Number of extensions: 14
Number of successful extensions: 2
Number of sequences better than 1.0e-02: 1
Number of HSP's gapped: 1
Number of HSP's successfully gapped: 1
Length of query: 368
Length of database: 316
Length adjustment: 29
Effective length of query: 339
Effective length of database: 287
Effective search space:    97293
Effective search space used:    97293
Neighboring words threshold: 11
Window for multiple hits: 40
X1: 16 ( 7.4 bits)
X2: 38 (14.6 bits)
X3: 64 (24.7 bits)
S1: 41 (21.8 bits)
S2: 49 (23.5 bits)

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the paper from 2022 on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory