GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-lysine catabolism in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough

Best path

lysP, lat, amaB, lysN, hglS, ydiJ

Rules

Overview: Lysine degradation in GapMind is based on many metacyc pathways (link), including L-lysine degradation I via cadaverine (link), pathway IV via lysine monooxygenase (link), pathway V via D-lysine (link), pathway VI via lysine 6-aminotransferase (link), pathway VIII via lysine 6-dehydrogenase (link), and fermentation to acetate and butanoate (link). Pathway X (link) is similar to pathway I (with cadaverine and glutarate as intermediates), but glutarate is consumed via glutaryl-CoA (as in pathway IV); it does not introduce any new steps. Pathways II (L-pipecolate pathway) and III (via N6-acetyllysine) and VII (via 6-amino-2-oxohexanoate) and IX (similar to pathway IV) and XI (via saccharopine) are not thought to occur in prokaryotes and are not included in GapMind.

44 steps (12 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
lysP L-lysine:H+ symporter LysP
lat L-lysine 6-aminotransferase DVU2347 DVU2559
amaB L-2-aminoadipate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (AmaB/Pcd) DVU3294
lysN 2-aminoadipate transaminase DVU2364 DVU3223
hglS D-2-hydroxyglutarate synthase
ydiJ (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase DVU0390 DVU3027
Alternative steps:
alr lysine racemase
amaA L-pipecolate oxidase
amaD D-lysine oxidase
argT L-lysine ABC transporter, substrate-binding component ArgT DVU0386 DVU1238
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
bcd butanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+, ferredoxin), dehydrogenase subunit
bgtB L-histidine ABC transporter, fused substrate-binding and permease components (BgtB/BgtAB)
cadA lysine decarboxylase
ctfA butanoyl-CoA:acetoacetate CoA-transferase, alpha subunit
ctfB butanoyl-CoA:acetoacetate CoA-transferase, beta subunit
davA 5-aminovaleramidase
davB L-lysine 2-monooxygenase
davD glutarate semialdehyde dehydrogenase DVU3294 DVU3319
davT 5-aminovalerate aminotransferase DVU2559 DVU2347
dpkA 1-piperideine-2-carboxylate reductase
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
etfA butanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+, ferredoxin), etfA subunit
etfB butanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase (NAD+, ferredoxin), etfB subunit
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase 206645
gcdG succinyl-CoA:glutarate CoA-transferase
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase
glaH glutarate 2-hydroxylase, succinate-releasing (GlaH or CsiD)
hisM L-lysine ABC transporter, permease component 1 (HisM) DVU0387 DVU0967
hisP L-lysine ABC transporter, ATPase component HisP DVU0753 DVU2343
hisQ L-lysine ABC transporter, permease component 2 (HisQ) DVU1237 DVU0967
kal 3-aminobutyryl-CoA deaminase
kamA L-lysine 2,3-aminomutase
kamD L-beta-lysine 5,6-aminomutase, alpha subunit
kamE L-beta-lysine 5,6-aminomutase, beta subunit
kce (S)-5-amino-3-oxohexanoate cleavage enzyme
kdd 3,5-diaminohexanoate dehydrogenase
lhgD L-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase or oxidase (LhgD or LhgO)
LHT L-lysine transporter
lysDH L-lysine 6-dehydrogenase
lysL L-lysine transporter LysL
patA cadaverine aminotransferase DVU2347 DVU2559
patD 5-aminopentanal dehydrogenase
Slc7a1 L-lysine transporter Slc7a1

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory