GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-arabinose catabolism in Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1

Best path

araE, araA, araB, araD

Rules

Overview: L-arabinose utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathways L-arabinose degradation I, via xylulose 5-phosphate (link); III, oxidation to 2-oxoglutarate (link); and IV, via glycolaldehyde (link). Pathway II via xylitol and xylulose is not represented in GapMind because it is not reported in prokaryotes (link).

40 steps (12 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
araE L-arabinose:H+ symporter
araA L-arabinose isomerase
araB ribulokinase
araD L-ribulose-5-phosphate epimerase
Alternative steps:
aldA (glycol)aldehyde dehydrogenase AMB_RS06710 AMB_RS04160
aldox-large (glycol)aldehyde oxidoreductase, large subunit AMB_RS18770
aldox-med (glycol)aldehyde oxidoreductase, medium subunit AMB_RS14505
aldox-small (glycol)aldehyde oxidoreductase, small subunit AMB_RS14510 AMB_RS07490
araF L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component AraF
araG L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component AraG
araH L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component AraH
araS L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component AraS
araT L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (AraT)
araU L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (AraU)
araUsh L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component AraU(Sh)
araV L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component AraV AMB_RS13205 AMB_RS06730
araVsh L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component AraV(Sh)
araWsh L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 1 AraW(Sh)
araZsh L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 2 AraZ(Sh)
BT0355 L-arabinose:Na+ symporter
chvE L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component ChvE
Echvi_1880 L-arabinose:Na+ symporter
gguA L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component GguA
gguB L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component GguB
glcB malate synthase
gyaR glyoxylate reductase AMB_RS00985 AMB_RS16130
KDG-aldolase 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-L-arabinonate aldolase
xacB L-arabinose 1-dehydrogenase AMB_RS13035 AMB_RS10625
xacC L-arabinono-1,4-lactonase
xacD L-arabinonate dehydratase AMB_RS12770
xacE 2-dehydro-3-deoxy-L-arabinonate dehydratase
xacF alpha-ketoglutarate semialdehyde dehydrogenase AMB_RS06710 AMB_RS04160
xacG L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component XacG
xacH L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (XacH)
xacI L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (XacI)
xacJ L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 (XacJ) AMB_RS13205 AMB_RS09395
xacK L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 (XacK) AMB_RS13205 AMB_RS09395
xylFsa L-arabinose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component XylF
xylGsa L-arabinose ABC transporter, ATPase component XylG AMB_RS18160 AMB_RS19920
xylHsa L-arabinose ABC transporter, permease component XylH

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory