GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-phenylalanine catabolism in Dechlorosoma suillum PS

Best path

livF, livG, livH, livM, livJ, PAH, PCBD, QDPR, HPD, hmgA, maiA, fahA, aacS, atoB

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Phenylalanine utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic, via tyrosine, link), pathway II (anaerobic, via phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase, link), degradation via phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PMC3346364), or degradation via phenylacetaldehyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PMID:24214948). (MetaCyc describes additional pathways, but they do not result in carbon incorporation or are not reported in prokaryotes, so they are not included in GapMind.)

76 steps (37 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
livF L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 (LivF) Dsui_0626 Dsui_2057
livG L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 (LivG) Dsui_0627 Dsui_2058
livH L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, permease component 1 (LivH) Dsui_0629 Dsui_2060
livM L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, permease component 2 (LivM) Dsui_0628 Dsui_1111
livJ L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, substrate-binding component LivJ/LivK Dsui_0630
PAH phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase
PCBD pterin-4-alpha-carbinoalamine dehydratase Dsui_3224
QDPR 6,7-dihydropteridine reductase Dsui_3297 Dsui_0694
HPD 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase
hmgA homogentisate dioxygenase
maiA maleylacetoacetate isomerase Dsui_1815
fahA fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase
aacS acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase Dsui_2297 Dsui_3212
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase Dsui_0976 Dsui_3239
Alternative steps:
ARO10 phenylpyruvate decarboxylase
ARO8 L-phenylalanine transaminase Dsui_1904 Dsui_2433
aroP L-phenylalanine:H+ symporter AroP
atoA acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, A subunit
atoD acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, B subunit
badH 2-hydroxy-cyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA dehydrogenase Dsui_2448 Dsui_2538
badI 2-ketocyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA hydrolase Dsui_2913 Dsui_1378
badK cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase Dsui_1378 Dsui_0981
bamB class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamB subunit
bamC class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamC subunit
bamD class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamD subunit
bamE class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamE subunit
bamF class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamF subunit
bamG class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamG subunit
bamH class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamH subunit Dsui_3045 Dsui_3030
bamI class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamI subunit Dsui_3044 Dsui_3029
bcrA ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit
bcrB ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
bcrC ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit
bcrD ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, delta subunit
boxA benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit A
boxB benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit B
boxC 2,3-epoxybenzoyl-CoA dihydrolase
boxD 3,4-dehydroadipyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase Dsui_0105
Ch1CoA cyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase Dsui_0977 Dsui_0975
dch cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase Dsui_1378 Dsui_2807
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase Dsui_1378 Dsui_0323
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase Dsui_0318 Dsui_2330
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase Dsui_3369 Dsui_0977
had 6-hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
iorA phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, IorA subunit Dsui_0095
iorAB phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, fused IorA/IorB Dsui_0379
iorB phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, IorB subunit Dsui_0094
oah 6-oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA hydratase Dsui_2913
paaA phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit A
paaB phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit B
paaC phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit C
paaE phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit E
paaF 2,3-dehydroadipyl-CoA hydratase Dsui_1378 Dsui_0502
paaG 1,2-epoxyphenylacetyl-CoA isomerase / 2-(oxepinyl)acetyl-CoA isomerase / didehydroadipyl-CoA isomerase Dsui_0502 Dsui_1378
paaH 3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase Dsui_0318 Dsui_2330
paaJ1 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA thiolase Dsui_0317 Dsui_3239
paaJ2 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase Dsui_0317 Dsui_3239
paaK phenylacetate-CoA ligase Dsui_1441 Dsui_1443
paaZ1 oxepin-CoA hydrolase Dsui_0502 Dsui_1378
paaZ2 3-oxo-5,6-didehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
pad-dh phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase Dsui_1464 Dsui_0437
padB phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadB subunit
padC phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadC subunit Dsui_2508
padD phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadD subunit
padE phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, gamma subunit
padF phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, delta subunit
padG phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, alpha subunit
padH phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, epsilon subunit
padI phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, beta subunit
pfor phenylacetaldeyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
pimB 3-oxopimeloyl-CoA:CoA acetyltransferase Dsui_0317 Dsui_3239
pimC pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, small subunit
pimD pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, large subunit
pimF 6-carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA hydratase Dsui_0323
PPDCalpha phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, alpha subunit
PPDCbeta phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, beta subunit

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 17 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory