GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-phenylalanine catabolism in Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942

Best path

aroP, PAH, PCBD, QDPR, HPD, hmgA, maiA, fahA, aacS, atoB

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Phenylalanine utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway L-phenylalanine degradation I (aerobic, via tyrosine, link), pathway II (anaerobic, via phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase, link), degradation via phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PMC3346364), or degradation via phenylacetaldehyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase (PMID:24214948). (MetaCyc describes additional pathways, but they do not result in carbon incorporation or are not reported in prokaryotes, so they are not included in GapMind.)

76 steps (22 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
aroP L-phenylalanine:H+ symporter AroP
PAH phenylalanine 4-monooxygenase
PCBD pterin-4-alpha-carbinoalamine dehydratase Synpcc7942_1636
QDPR 6,7-dihydropteridine reductase
HPD 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase
hmgA homogentisate dioxygenase
maiA maleylacetoacetate isomerase
fahA fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase
aacS acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
Alternative steps:
ARO10 phenylpyruvate decarboxylase
ARO8 L-phenylalanine transaminase Synpcc7942_2545 Synpcc7942_1794
atoA acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, A subunit
atoD acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, B subunit
badH 2-hydroxy-cyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_1596 Synpcc7942_1573
badI 2-ketocyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA hydrolase Synpcc7942_0597
badK cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
bamB class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamB subunit
bamC class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamC subunit
bamD class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamD subunit
bamE class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamE subunit
bamF class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamF subunit
bamG class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamG subunit Synpcc7942_0278
bamH class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamH subunit Synpcc7942_0279
bamI class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamI subunit Synpcc7942_2557
bcrA ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit
bcrB ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
bcrC ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit
bcrD ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, delta subunit
boxA benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit A Synpcc7942_0978
boxB benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit B
boxC 2,3-epoxybenzoyl-CoA dihydrolase
boxD 3,4-dehydroadipyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
Ch1CoA cyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
dch cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase Synpcc7942_0597
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0684
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase
had 6-hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
iorA phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, IorA subunit
iorAB phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, fused IorA/IorB
iorB phenylpyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase, IorB subunit
livF L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 (LivF) Synpcc7942_2492 Synpcc7942_0815
livG L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 (LivG) Synpcc7942_2493 Synpcc7942_1893
livH L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, permease component 1 (LivH) Synpcc7942_2495 Synpcc7942_2177
livJ L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, substrate-binding component LivJ/LivK
livM L-phenylalanine ABC transporter, permease component 2 (LivM) Synpcc7942_2494
oah 6-oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
paaA phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit A
paaB phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit B
paaC phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit C
paaE phenylacetyl-CoA 1,2-epoxidase, subunit E
paaF 2,3-dehydroadipyl-CoA hydratase Synpcc7942_0597
paaG 1,2-epoxyphenylacetyl-CoA isomerase Synpcc7942_0597
paaH 3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0684
paaJ1 3-oxo-5,6-dehydrosuberyl-CoA thiolase
paaJ2 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase
paaK phenylacetate-CoA ligase
paaZ1 oxepin-CoA hydrolase
paaZ2 3-oxo-5,6-didehydrosuberyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
pad-dh phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase Synpcc7942_0489
padB phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadB subunit
padC phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadC subunit
padD phenylacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase, PadD subunit
padE phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, gamma subunit
padF phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, delta subunit
padG phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, alpha subunit
padH phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, epsilon subunit
padI phenylglyoxylate dehydrogenase, beta subunit
pfor phenylacetaldeyde:ferredoxin oxidoreductase
pimB 3-oxopimeloyl-CoA:CoA acetyltransferase
pimC pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, small subunit
pimD pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, large subunit
pimF 6-carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA hydratase
PPDCalpha phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, alpha subunit Synpcc7942_1944
PPDCbeta phenylpyruvate decarboxylase, beta subunit Synpcc7942_0143

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Aug 02 2021. The underlying query database was built on Aug 02 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory