GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-proline catabolism in Desulfovibrio vulgaris Hildenborough

Best path

proY, put1, putA

Rules

Overview: Proline degradation in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway I via glutamate semialdehyde dehydrogenase (link) and pathway II via 5-aminopentanoate (link). (MetaCyc describes 5-aminopentanoate, also known as 5-aminovalerate, as a fermentative end product, but it is further degraded

53 steps (29 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
proY proline:H+ symporter
put1 proline dehydrogenase DVU3319
putA L-glutamate 5-semialdeyde dehydrogenase DVU3319 DVU3294
Alternative steps:
aapJ ABC transporter for amino acids (Asp/Asn/Glu/Pro/Leu), substrate-binding component AapJ DVU2342
aapM ABC transporter for amino acids (Asp/Asn/Glu/Pro/Leu), permease component 2 (AapM) DVU0967 DVU0751
aapP ABC transporter for amino acids (Asp/Asn/Glu/Pro/Leu), ATPase component AapP DVU0753 DVU2343
aapQ ABC transporter for amino acids (Asp/Asn/Glu/Pro/Leu), permease component 1 (AapQ) DVU2341
AAT20.2 proline transporter
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase
AZOBR_RS08235 proline ABC transporter, permease component 1 DVU0548 DVU0713
AZOBR_RS08240 proline ABC transporter, permease component 2 DVU0549 DVU0714
AZOBR_RS08245 proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 DVU0550 DVU0715
AZOBR_RS08250 proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 DVU0551 DVU0716
AZOBR_RS08260 proline ABC transporter, substrate-binding component DVU0547 DVU0712
BAC2 basic amino acid carrier BAC2
betS proline transporter BetS
CCNA_00435 proline transporter
davD glutarate semialdehyde dehydrogenase DVU3294 DVU3319
davT 5-aminovalerate aminotransferase DVU2559 DVU2347
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase
ectP proline transporter EctP
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase 206645
gcdG succinyl-CoA:glutarate CoA-transferase
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase
glaH glutarate 2-hydroxylase, succinate-releasing (GlaH or CsiD)
HSERO_RS00870 proline ABC transporter, substrate-binding component DVU0712
HSERO_RS00885 proline ABC transporter, permease component 1 DVU0548 DVU0713
HSERO_RS00890 proline ABC transporter, permease component 2 DVU0549 DVU2742
HSERO_RS00895 proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 DVU0550 DVU0715
HSERO_RS00900 proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 DVU0716 DVU0551
hutV proline ABC transporter, ATPase component HutV DVU2299 DVU0968
hutW proline ABC transporter, permease component HutW DVU2298
hutX proline ABC transporter, substrate-binding component HutX
lhgD L-2-hydroxyglutarate dehydrogenase or oxidase (LhgD or LhgO)
N515DRAFT_2924 proline transporter
natA proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 (NatA) DVU2741 DVU0715
natB proline ABC transporter, substrate-binding component NatB
natC proline ABC transporter, permease component 1 (NatC) DVU0549
natD proline ABC transporter, permease component 2 (NatD) DVU0713 DVU0548
natE proline ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 (NatE) DVU0551 DVU0716
opuBA proline ABC transporter, ATPase component OpuBA/BusAA DVU2299 DVU0098
opuBB proline ABC transporter, fused permease and substrate-binding components OpuBB/BusAB
prdA D-proline reductase, prdA component
prdB D-proline reductase, prdB component
prdC D-proline reductase, electron transfer component PrdC
prdF proline racemase
proP proline:H+ symporter ProP
PROT1 proline transporter
proV proline ABC transporter, ATPase component ProV DVU2299 DVU1236
proW proline ABC transporter, permease component ProW DVU2298
proX proline ABC transporter, substrate-binding component ProX
putP proline:Na+ symporter DVU0088
SLC6A7 proline:Na+ symporter

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Aug 02 2021. The underlying query database was built on Aug 02 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer. Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, or view the source code.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory