GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-tyrosine catabolism in Dokdonella koreensis DS-123

Best path

aroP, HPD, hmgA, maiA, fahA, atoA, atoD, atoB

Rules

Overview: Tyrosine utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway tyrosine degradation I, via homogentisate (link). This pathway requires oxygen. Another pathway via 4-hydroxyphenylacetate is known (link), but the 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate oxidase has not been linked to sequence. The other MetaCyc pathways do not yield fixed carbon or are not reported in prokaryotes.

19 steps (11 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
aroP L-tyrosine transporter (AroP/FywP)
HPD 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase I596_RS04065
hmgA homogentisate dioxygenase I596_RS04070
maiA maleylacetoacetate isomerase I596_RS04080 I596_RS11190
fahA fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase I596_RS04075 I596_RS05080
atoA acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, A subunit I596_RS14240
atoD acetoacetyl-CoA transferase, B subunit I596_RS14240
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase I596_RS05370 I596_RS06325
Alternative steps:
aacS acetoacetyl-CoA synthetase I596_RS17305 I596_RS05290
Ac3H11_1692 L-tyrosine ABC transporter, ATPase component 2 I596_RS07805 I596_RS07160
Ac3H11_1693 L-tyrosine ABC transporter, ATPase component 1 I596_RS07805 I596_RS15380
Ac3H11_1694 L-tyrosine ABC transporter, permease component 2
Ac3H11_1695 L-tyrosine ABC transporter, permease component 1
Ac3H11_2396 L-tyrosine ABC transporter, substrate-binding component component
CAT L-tyrosine transporter CAT I596_RS08865 I596_RS16250
MCT10 L-tyrosine transporter MCT10
TAT1 L-tyrosine permease TAT1
tyrP Tyrosine permease
tyt1 L-tyrosine:Na+ symporter Tyt1

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 24 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory