GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

4-hydroxybenzoate catabolism in Photobacterium jeanii R-40508

Best path

pcaK, pobA, praA, xylF, mhpD, mhpE, adh, ackA, pta

Rules

Overview: 4-hydroxybenzoate catabolism in GapMind is based on aerobic oxidation to 3,4-hydroxybenzoate (protocatechuate), followed by meta, ortho, or para cleavage; or reduction to benzoyl-CoA (part of a MetaCyc pathway for phenol degradation, link)

72 steps (26 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
pcaK 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter pcaK
pobA 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase
praA protocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase
xylF 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde hydrolase
mhpD 2-hydroxypentadienoate hydratase
mhpE 4-hydroxy-2-oxovalerate aldolase
adh acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (not acylating) A3K86_RS19720 A3K86_RS06055
ackA acetate kinase A3K86_RS07230 A3K86_RS03265
pta phosphate acetyltransferase A3K86_RS07235 A3K86_RS16445
Alternative steps:
acs acetyl-CoA synthetase, AMP-forming A3K86_RS09595
ald-dh-CoA acetaldehyde dehydrogenase, acylating A3K86_RS06055 A3K86_RS16475
atoB acetyl-CoA C-acetyltransferase A3K86_RS19875 A3K86_RS15935
badH 2-hydroxy-cyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA dehydrogenase A3K86_RS05510 A3K86_RS19560
badI 2-ketocyclohexanecarboxyl-CoA hydrolase A3K86_RS13455
badK cyclohex-1-ene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase A3K86_RS15920 A3K86_RS17390
bamB class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamB subunit
bamC class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamC subunit
bamD class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamD subunit
bamE class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamE subunit
bamF class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamF subunit
bamG class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamG subunit
bamH class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamH subunit
bamI class II benzoyl-CoA reductase, BamI subunit
bcrA ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit A3K86_RS16290
bcrB ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
bcrC ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit
bcrD ATP-dependent benzoyl-CoA reductase, delta subunit A3K86_RS16290
boxA benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit A
boxB benzoyl-CoA epoxidase, subunit B
boxC 2,3-epoxybenzoyl-CoA dihydrolase
boxD 3,4-dehydroadipyl-CoA semialdehyde dehydrogenase
catI 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit A (CatI)
catJ 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit B (CatJ)
Ch1CoA cyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase A3K86_RS15925 A3K86_RS15945
dch cyclohexa-1,5-diene-1-carboxyl-CoA hydratase A3K86_RS15920
ech (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA hydro-lyase A3K86_RS15920 A3K86_RS17390
fadB (S)-3-hydroxybutanoyl-CoA dehydrogenase A3K86_RS17390 A3K86_RS06710
fcbT1 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, substrate-binding component FcbT1
fcbT2 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, small DctQ-like component FcbT2
fcbT3 tripartite 4-hydroxybenzoate transporter, large permease subunit FcbT3
gcdH glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase A3K86_RS15945 A3K86_RS15925
had 6-hydroxycyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA dehydrogenase
hcl 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA ligase A3K86_RS06195
hcrA 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, alpha subunit
hcrB 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, beta subunit
hcrC 4-hydroxybenzoyl-CoA reductase, gamma subunit A3K86_RS18530 A3K86_RS18550
ligA protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, alpha subunit
ligB protocatechuate 4,5-dioxygenase, beta subunit
ligC 2-hydroxy-4-carboxymuconate-6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase
ligI 2-pyrone-4,6-dicarboxylate hydrolase
ligJ 4-carboxy-2-hydroxymuconate hydratase
ligK 4-oxalocitramalate aldolase A3K86_RS11095 A3K86_RS08860
ligU 4-oxalomesaconate tautomerase
oah 6-oxocyclohex-1-ene-1-carbonyl-CoA hydratase
paaF 2,3-dehydroadipyl-CoA hydratase A3K86_RS15920 A3K86_RS13455
paaH 3-hydroxyadipyl-CoA dehydrogenase A3K86_RS17390 A3K86_RS06710
paaJ2 3-oxoadipyl-CoA thiolase A3K86_RS17385 A3K86_RS19875
pcaB 3-carboxymuconate cycloisomerase
pcaC 4-carboxymuconolactone decarboxylase
pcaD 3-oxoadipate enol-lactone hydrolase
pcaF succinyl-CoA:acetyl-CoA C-succinyltransferase A3K86_RS19875 A3K86_RS17385
pcaG protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, beta subunit
pcaH protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, alpha subunit
pcaI 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit A (PcaI)
pcaJ 3-oxoadipate CoA-transferase subunit B (PcaJ)
pimB 3-oxopimeloyl-CoA:CoA acetyltransferase A3K86_RS17385 A3K86_RS19875
pimC pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, small subunit
pimD pimeloyl-CoA dehydrogenase, large subunit
pimF 6-carboxyhex-2-enoyl-CoA hydratase A3K86_RS17390 A3K86_RS06710
praB 2-hydroxymuconate 6-semialdehyde dehydrogenase A3K86_RS19720 A3K86_RS14375
praC 2-hydroxymuconate tautomerase
praD 2-oxohex-3-enedioate decarboxylase

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 24 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory