GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources

 

L-rhamnose catabolism in Nocardioides dokdonensis FR1436

Best path

rhaT, LRA1, LRA2, LRA3, LRA4, aldA

Rules

Overview: Rhamnose utilization in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathway I via L-rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase (link), pathway II via 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate aldolase (link), and pathway III via 2,4-diketo-3-deoxyrhamnonate hydrolase (link).

22 steps (8 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
rhaT L-rhamnose:H+ symporter RhaT
LRA1 L-rhamnofuranose dehydrogenase I601_RS02915 I601_RS11285
LRA2 L-rhamnono-gamma-lactonase
LRA3 L-rhamnonate dehydratase
LRA4 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate aldolase
aldA lactaldehyde dehydrogenase I601_RS01130 I601_RS12775
Alternative steps:
BPHYT_RS34240 L-rhamnose ABC transporter, permease component
BPHYT_RS34245 L-rhamnose ABC transporter, ATPase component I601_RS01185
BPHYT_RS34250 L-rhamnose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component
Echvi_1617 L-rhamnose transporter
fucO L-lactaldehyde reductase I601_RS03520
LRA5 2-keto-3-deoxy-L-rhamnonate 4-dehydrogenase I601_RS02820 I601_RS16775
LRA6 2,4-diketo-3-deoxyrhamnonate hydrolase I601_RS12250
rhaA L-rhamnose isomerase
rhaB L-rhamnulokinase
rhaD rhamnulose 1-phosphate aldolase
rhaM L-rhamnose mutarotase
rhaP L-rhamnose ABC transporter, permease component 1 (RhaP)
rhaQ L-rhamnose ABC transporter, permease component 2 (RhaQ)
rhaS L-rhamnose ABC transporter, substrate-binding component RhaS
rhaT' L-rhamnose ABC transporter, ATPase component RhaT I601_RS01185
tpi triose-phosphate isomerase I601_RS16990 I601_RS16995

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 24 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory