GapMind for catabolism of small carbon sources


Finding step artP for L-arginine catabolism in Oceanisphaera arctica V1-41

5 candidates for artP: L-arginine ABC transporter, ATPase component ArtP/HisP/AotP/BgtA

Score Gene Description Similar to Id. Cov. Bits Other hit Other id. Other bits
hi UN63_RS03190 ATP-binding cassette domain-containing protein AotP aka PA0892, component of Arginine/ornithine (but not lysine) porter (characterized) 70% 98% 342.8
hi UN63_RS13385 ATP-binding cassette domain-containing protein Arginine transport ATP-binding protein ArtP; EC 7.4.2.- (characterized) 58% 100% 271.9
med UN63_RS01060 amino acid ABC transporter ATP-binding protein Arginine transport ATP-binding protein ArtM (characterized) 54% 100% 264.2 AapP, component of General L-amino acid porter; transports basic and acidic amino acids preferentially, but also transports aliphatic amino acids (catalyzes both uptake and efflux) 80% 392.9
med UN63_RS12580 glutamine ABC transporter ATP-binding protein GlnQ Arginine transport ATP-binding protein ArtM (characterized) 54% 100% 263.8 glutamine ABC transporter, ATP-binding protein GlnQ 83% 388.7
med UN63_RS04690 amino acid ABC transporter ATP-binding protein Arginine transport ATP-binding protein ArtM (characterized) 48% 100% 218.8 L-cystine transport system ATP-binding protein YecC; EC 7.4.2.- 56% 257.7

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
transporter – transporters and PTS systems are shaded because predicting their specificity is particularly challenging.

GapMind searches the predicted proteins for candidates by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) to find similarities to characterized proteins or by using HMMer to find similarities to enzyme models (usually from TIGRFams). For alignments to characterized proteins (from ublast), scores of 44 bits correspond to an expectation value (E) of about 0.001.

Definition of step artP

Or cluster all characterized artP proteins

This GapMind analysis is from Sep 24 2021. The underlying query database was built on Sep 17 2021.



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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory