GapMind for Amino acid biosynthesis

 

chorismate biosynthesis in Burkholderia phytofirmans PsJN

Best path

aroG, aroB, aroD, aroE, aroL, aroA, aroC

Also see fitness data for the top candidates

Rules

Overview: Chorismate is the starting point for the biosynthesis of the aromatic amino acids phenylalanine, tryptophan, and tyrosine. Chorismate biosynthesis in GapMind is based on MetaCyc pathways chorismate biosynthesis I (link), from D-erythrose-4-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate, or II (link), from D-glyceraldeyde-3-phosphate and L-asparatate. Both pathways are identical after they reach 3-dehydroquinate.

13 steps (11 with candidates)

Or see definitions of steps

Step Description Best candidate 2nd candidate
aroG 3-deoxy-7-phosphoheptulonate synthase BPHYT_RS03535 BPHYT_RS23245
aroB 3-dehydroquinate synthase BPHYT_RS17885
aroD 3-dehydroquinate dehydratase BPHYT_RS17005 BPHYT_RS22680
aroE shikimate dehydrogenase BPHYT_RS27375 BPHYT_RS22685
aroL shikimate kinase BPHYT_RS17890 BPHYT_RS13350
aroA 3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase BPHYT_RS14895
aroC chorismate synthase BPHYT_RS13705
Alternative steps:
aroA' 2-amino-3,7-dideoxy-D-threo-hept-6-ulosonate synthase
aroB' dehydroquinate synthase II
asd aspartate semi-aldehyde dehydrogenase BPHYT_RS33895
asp-kinase aspartate kinase BPHYT_RS12410
fbp 6-deoxy-5-ketofructose 1-phosphate synthase BPHYT_RS16260 BPHYT_RS10545
tpiA D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate phospholyase BPHYT_RS06610 BPHYT_RS16270

Confidence: high confidence medium confidence low confidence
? – known gap: despite the lack of a good candidate for this step, this organism (or a related organism) performs the pathway

This GapMind analysis is from Aug 03 2021. The underlying query database was built on Aug 03 2021.

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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see the paper from 2019 on GapMind for amino acid biosynthesis, the preprint on GapMind for carbon sources, or view the source code, or see changes to Amino acid biosynthesis since the publication.

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory