GapMind for Amino acid biosynthesis


Alignments for a candidate for lysU in Pseudomonas fluorescens GW456-L13

Align Homoaconitase small subunit; HACN; Homoaconitate hydratase; EC (characterized)
to candidate PfGW456L13_3593 3-isopropylmalate dehydratase small subunit (EC

Query= SwissProt::Q9ZND9
         (163 letters)

          Length = 202

 Score = 52.8 bits (125), Expect = 3e-12
 Identities = 42/109 (38%), Positives = 57/109 (52%), Gaps = 16/109 (14%)

           I+TD I+P +   F+ G DR  L    F  LR   + E  PG IL           V G 

           N G GSSRE+A   LK++G+RA+I  S+A IF+ N    G++  +  EV

Lambda     K      H
   0.322    0.144    0.432 

Lambda     K      H
   0.267   0.0410    0.140 

Matrix: BLOSUM62
Gap Penalties: Existence: 11, Extension: 1
Number of Sequences: 1
Number of Hits to DB: 66
Number of extensions: 5
Number of successful extensions: 1
Number of sequences better than 1.0e-02: 1
Number of HSP's gapped: 1
Number of HSP's successfully gapped: 1
Length of query: 163
Length of database: 202
Length adjustment: 19
Effective length of query: 144
Effective length of database: 183
Effective search space:    26352
Effective search space used:    26352
Neighboring words threshold: 11
Window for multiple hits: 40
X1: 16 ( 7.4 bits)
X2: 38 (14.6 bits)
X3: 64 (24.7 bits)
S1: 41 (21.8 bits)
S2: 44 (21.6 bits)

This GapMind analysis is from Apr 09 2024. The underlying query database was built on Apr 09 2024.



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About GapMind

Each pathway is defined by a set of rules based on individual steps or genes. Candidates for each step are identified by using ublast (a fast alternative to protein BLAST) against a database of manually-curated proteins (most of which are experimentally characterized) or by using HMMer with enzyme models (usually from TIGRFam). Ublast hits may be split across two different proteins.

A candidate for a step is "high confidence" if either:

where "other" refers to the best ublast hit to a sequence that is not annotated as performing this step (and is not "ignored").

Otherwise, a candidate is "medium confidence" if either:

Other blast hits with at least 50% coverage are "low confidence."

Steps with no high- or medium-confidence candidates may be considered "gaps." For the typical bacterium that can make all 20 amino acids, there are 1-2 gaps in amino acid biosynthesis pathways. For diverse bacteria and archaea that can utilize a carbon source, there is a complete high-confidence catabolic pathway (including a transporter) just 38% of the time, and there is a complete medium-confidence pathway 63% of the time. Gaps may be due to:

GapMind relies on the predicted proteins in the genome and does not search the six-frame translation. In most cases, you can search the six-frame translation by clicking on links to Curated BLAST for each step definition (in the per-step page).

For more information, see:

If you notice any errors or omissions in the step descriptions, or any questionable results, please let us know

by Morgan Price, Arkin group, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory